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College of Natural Resources

Physical Address:
975 W. 6th Street
Moscow, Idaho

Mailing Address:
875 Perimeter Drive MS 1138
Moscow, ID 83844-1138

Phone: 208-885-8981

Fax: 208-885-5534


Web: College of Natural Resources


Timothy E. Link

Timothy E. Link, Ph.D.

Professor of Hydrology; Director, Water Resources Graduate Program


CNR 203B



Mailing Address

Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences
University of Idaho
875 Perimeter Drive MS 1133
Moscow, Idaho 83844-1133


  • Ph.D. (Environmental Sciences), 2001, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
  • M.S. (Geology), 1998, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
  • B.A. (Geology), 1991, Hampshire College, Amherst, MA

Research Interests

Snow Hydrology
Watershed Hydrology
Environmental Change
Interdisciplinary Water Sciences

Russell, M.*, J. U. H. Eitel, T. E. Link, and C. A. Silva. 2021. Important airborne LiDAR metrics of canopy structure for estimating snow interception. Remote Sensing. v. 13, 4188.

Seyfried, M. S., G. N. Flerchinger, S. Bryden*, T. E. Link, D. Marks, and J. McNamara. 2021. Slope/aspect controls on soil climate: Field documentation and implications for large-scale simulation of critical zone processes, Vadose Zone Journal;e20158.

Marshall, A. M., Link, T. E., Flerchinger, G. N., and Lucash, M. S., 2021. Importance of parameter and climate data uncertainty for future changes in boreal hydrology. Water Resources Research. 57. e2021WR029911.

Marshall, A. M., Link, T. E., Flerchinger, G. N., Nicolsky, D. J., Lucash, M. S., 2021. Ecohydrologic modeling in a deciduous boreal forest: Model evaluation for application in non-stationary climates. Hydrological Processes. 35(6). e14251.

Deval, C.∗, E. S. Brooks, J. A. Gravelle, T. E. Link, M. Dobre, and W. J. Elliot. 2021. Long-term response in nutrient load from commercial forest management operations in a mountainous watershed. Forest Ecology and Management. v. 494, 119312.

Marshall, A. M.*, M. Foard*, C. M. Cooper*, P. Edwards*, S. L. Hirsch*, M. Russell*, and T. E. Link. 2020. Climate change knowledge and gaps in mountainous headwaters: Spatial and topical distribution of research in the Columbia River Basin. Regional Environmental Change 20(4): 134.

Coble, A.A., H. Barnard, E. Du, S. Johnson, J. Jones, E. Keppeler, H. Kwon, T. E. Link, B. Penaluna, M. Reiter, M. River, K. Puettmann, and J. Wagenbrenner. 2020. Long-term hydrological response to forest harvest during seasonal low flow: Potential implications for contemporary harvest practices. Science of the Total Environment. v. 730, 138926.

Marshall, A. M.*, T. E. Link, A. P. Robinson, and J. T. Abatzoglou. 2020. Higher snowfall intensity is associated with reduced impacts of warming upon winter snow ablation. Geophysical Research Letters. 47, e2019GL086409.

Marshall, A. M.*, J. T. Abatzoglou, T. E. Link, and C. Tennant. 2019. Projected changes in interannual variability of peak snowpack amount and timing in the western United States.  Geophysical Research Letters, 46(15), 8882-8892.

Marshall, A. M.*, Link T. E., L. Tedrow, G. N. Flerchinger, D. G. Marks, and J. T. Abatzoglou. 2019.  Warming alters hydrologic heterogeneity: Simulated climate sensitivity of hydrology-based microrefugia in the snow-to-rain transition zone. Water Resources Research, 55,

Wei, L., H. Zhou, T. E. Link, K. Kavanagh, J. A. Hubbart, E. Du, A. T. Hudak, and J. D. Marshall. 2018. Forest productivity varies with soil moisture more than temperature in a small montane watershed. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. v. 259, 211-221.

Evers, C.*, Wardropper, C.*, Branoff, B.*, Granek, E., Hirsch, S.*, Link, T. E., Olivero-Lora, S.*, Wilson, C.*. 2018. The ecosystem services and biodiversity of novel ecosystems: A literature review. Global Ecology and Conservation. v. 13, e00362.

Klos, P. Z.†,* and T. E. Link. 2018.  Quantifying shortwave and longwave radiation inputs to headwater streams under differing canopy structures.  Forest Ecology and Management. v. 407, 116-124.

Keim, R. and T. E. Link. 2018. Linked spatial variability of throughfall amount and intensity during rainfall in a coniferous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. v. 248, 15-21.

Niemeyer, R. J.*, T. E. Link, R. Heinse, and M. S. Seyfried. 2017.  Climate moderates potential changes in groundwater recharge from shifts in Pinyon-Juniper land cover across the western U.S. Hydrological Processes.  1-15.

Dickerson-Lange, S. E.*, R. Gersonde, J. A. Hubbart, T. E. Link, A. W. Nolin, G. H. Perry, T. R. Roth, N. E. Wayand, and J. D. Lundquist. 2017. Snow disappearance timing in warm winter climates is dominated by forest effects on snow accumulation.  Hydrological Processes. v. 31, 1846-1862.

Harpold, A. A., M. L. Kaplan, P. Z. Klos*, T. E. Link, J. P. McNamara, S. Rajagopal, R. Schumer, and C. M. Steele. 2017. Rain or snow: Hydrologic processes, observations, prediction, and research needs. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. v. 21, 1-22,

Niemeyer, R. J.*, R. Heinse, T. E. Link, M. S. Seyfried, P. Z. Klos*, C. J. Williams, and T. Nielson. 2017. Spatiotemporal soil and saprolite moisture dynamics across a semi-arid woody plant gradient. Journal of Hydrology. v. 544, 21-35.

Donald Crawford Graduate Faculty Mentoring Award, UI COGS, 2018

Alumni Award for Excellence: Inspirational Mentor, 2015

Outstanding Advisor, UI College of Natural Resources, 2012

Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), USDA-CSREES, 2003


2018-2028: Eastside Type N Riparian Effectiveness Project (ENREP). Funded by Washington Dept. of Natural Resources.

2019-2023: Estimating the spatial and temporal extent of snowpack properties in complex terrain: leveraging novel data to adapt wildlife and habitat management practices to climate change. Funded by the USGS Northwest Climate Adaptation Science Center.

2018-2020: The Mica Creek Project: A comprehensive, contemporary forest hydrology study for the 21st century. Funded by the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement

2017-2022: Collaborative Research: Regional impacts of increasing fire frequency on carbon dynamics and species composition in the boreal forest. Funded by NSF-OPP.

2019: Idaho Stream Shade Rule Effectiveness Study. Funded by Idaho Department of Environmental Quality.

2013–2017: Adaptation to change in water resources: science to inform decision-making across disciplines, cultures and scales. Funded by NSF-IGERT.

2014–2015: Projecting climate change effects on aspen distribution and productivity in the central and northern Rockies by coupling hydrological and landscape-disturbance models. Funded by the USGS Northwest Climate Science Center.


Member. Idaho Forest Practices Advisory Committee (FPAC). General Public Representative North. 2018 - 2023.

Member. Palouse Basin Advisory Committee (PBAC). University of Idaho Representative. 2021-2023

Presenter: The Mica Creek Paired Watershed Study: A Critical Update of Old Science. 2020 Forestry Mini-College, Missoula, MT. 2 oral sessions, 31 total attendees, primarily small forest landowners and agency personnel. March 14, 2020

Presenter. The Mica Creek Paired Watershed Study: A Critical Update of Old Science. Presented to the Idaho Forest Practices Advisory Committee.  November 14, 2018, Coeur D’Alene, ID.  ~50 attendees.

Technical Panelist. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wolverine Science Workshop. Spokane, WA.  Apr. 3-4, 2014.  Synthesis of snow and climate change science as part of an expert panel that was assembled to address potential concerns regarding the listing of wolverines under the Endangered Species Act.

Contact Us

College of Natural Resources

Physical Address:
975 W. 6th Street
Moscow, Idaho

Mailing Address:
875 Perimeter Drive MS 1138
Moscow, ID 83844-1138

Phone: 208-885-8981

Fax: 208-885-5534


Web: College of Natural Resources