Michael Quist, Ph.D.
Professor of Fisheries Management and Assistant Leader, Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
- Ph.D. 2002 Kansas State University
- M.S. 1999 Kansas State University
- B.S. 1996 University of Idaho
Applied Fish Ecology
Age and Growth of Fishes
Branigan, P. R., M. C. Quist, B. B. Shepard, and S. C. Ireland. In press. Microhabitat use of native fishes in the Kootenai River: a fine-scale evaluation of large-scale habitat rehabilitation efforts. River Research and Applications.
Brauer, T. A., M. C. Quist, D. T. Rhea, T. W. Laughlin, and J. D. Walrath. In press. Population characteristics and management of lentic populations of Burbot in the Green River system, Wyoming. North American Journal of Fisheries Management.
Klein, Z. B., M. C. Quist, L. E. Miranda, M. M. Marron, M. J. Steuck, and K. A. Hansen. In press. Commercial fisheries of the upper Mississippi River: a century of sustained harvest. Fisheries.
Beard, Z. S., M. C. Quist, R. S. Hardy, and T. J. Ross. 2018. Patterns in fish assemblage structure in a small western stream. Copeia 106:589-599.
Branigan, P. R., M. C. Quist, B. B. Shepard, and S. C. Ireland. 2018. Comparison of a prepositioned areal electrofishing device and fixed underwater videography for sampling riverine fishes. Western North American Naturalist 78:65-75.
Brauer, T. A., D. T. Rhea, J. D. Walrath, and M. C. Quist. 2018. Efficacy of using data from angler-caught Burbot to estimate population rate functions. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 38:346-354.
Fischer, J. R., B. D. Bakevich, C. P. Shea, C. L. Pierce, and M. C. Quist. 2018. Floods, drying, habitat connectivity, and fish occupancy dynamics in restored and unrestored oxbows of west-central Iowa, USA. Aquatic Conservation: Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems 28:630-640.
McBaine, K. E., Z. B. Klein, M. C. Quist, and D. T. Rhea. 2018. Diet of Burbot and implications for sampling. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 24:1-13.
Roth, C. J., D. J. Schill, and M. C. Quist. 2018. Fight and air exposure times of caught and released salmonids from the South Fork Snake River. Fisheries Research 201:38-43.
Roth, C. J., D. J. Schill, M. C. Quist, and B. High. 2018. Effects of air exposure in summer on the survival of caught-and-released salmonids. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 38:886-895.
Whitlock, S. L., M. C. Quist, and A. M. Dux. 2018. Effects of water-level management and hatchery supplementation on kokanee recruitment in Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho. Northwest Science 92:136-148.
Whitlock, S. L., M. R. Campbell, M. C. Quist, and A. M. Dux. 2018. Using genetic and phenotypic comparisons to evaluate apparent segregation among kokanee spawning groups. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 147:43-60.
Beard, Z. S., M. C. Quist, R. S. Hardy, and T. J. Ross. 2017. Habitat associations of juvenile Burbot in a tributary of the Kootenai River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146:1008-1015.
Beard, Z. S., M. C. Quist, R. S. Hardy, and T. J. Ross. 2017. Survival, movement, and distribution of juvenile Burbot in a tributary of the Kootenai River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 37:1274-1288.
Griffin, K. M., Z. S. Beard, J. M. Flinders, and M. C. Quist. 2017. Estimating ages of Utah Chubs using pectoral fin rays, otoliths, and scales. Western North American Naturalist 77:189-194.
Klein, Z. B., M. J. Breen, and M. C. Quist. 2017. Population characteristics and the influence of discharge on Bluehead Sucker, Flannelmouth Sucker, and Roundtail Chub. Copeia 105:375-388.
Klein, Z. B., T. F. Bonvechio, B. R. Bowen, and M. C. Quist. 2017. Precision and accuracy of age estimates obtained from anal fin spines, dorsal fin spines, and sagittal otoliths for known-age largemouth bass. Southeastern Naturalist 26:225-234.
Ng, E. L., J. P. Fredericks, M. C. Quist. 2017. Stable isotope evaluation of population- and individual-level diet variability in a large, oligotrophic lake with nonnative lake trout. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 26:271-279.
Quist, M. C., and D. A. Isermann, editors. 2017. Age and growth of fishes: principles and techniques. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
Watkins, C. J., T. J. Ross, R. S. Hardy, and M. C. Quist. 2017. Response of fish population dynamics to mitigation activities in a large regulated river. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146:703-715.
Dobos, M. E., M. P. Corsi, D. J. Schill, J. M. DuPont, and M. C. Quist. 2016. Influences of summer water temperatures on the movement, distribution, and resource use of fluvial westslope cutthroat trout in the South Fork Clearwater River basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:549-567.
Klein, Z. B., M. C. Quist, D. T. Rhea, and A. C. Senecal. 2016. Population characteristics and the suppression of non-native burbot in the Green River, Wyoming. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:1006-1017.
Klein, Z. B., R. S. Hardy, and M. C. Quist. 2016. Diet of juvenile burbot and insight into gape limitation. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 22:55-69.
Ng, E. L., J. P. Fredericks, M. C. Quist. 2016. Population dynamics and evaluation of alternative management strategies for nonnative lake trout in Priest Lake, Idaho. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:40-54.
Parks, T. P., M. C. Quist, and C. L. Pierce. 2016. Anthropogenic disturbance and environmental associations with fish assemblages in two nonwadeable rivers. River Research and Applications 32:66-84.
Smith, C. D., M. C. Quist, and R. S. Hardy. 2016. Fish assemblage structure and habitat associations in a large western river system. River Research and Applications 32:622-638.
Watkins, C. J., M. C. Quist, B. B. Shepard, and S. C. Ireland. 2016. Electrofishing effort requirements for estimating species richness in the Kootenai River, Idaho. Northwest Science 90:315-327.
Yates, J. R., C. J. Watkins, and M. C. Quist. 2016. Evaluation of hard structures used to estimate age of common carp. Northwest Science 90:195-205.
Fish Assemblage Structure in Small Stream Systems
Understanding factors related to the occurrence and abundance of stream fishes is a central focus of both basic and applied ecology. One of my major research directions has been determining how abiotic habitat characteristics and biotic interactions regulate fish assemblage structure in stream systems. Because mechanisms influencing the distributions and abundance of stream fishes act across various spatial and temporal scales, I often use a variety of approaches to determine the magnitude and importance of multiple scales when addressing these research questions. In addition to my interests on the effects of multiple, often hierarchical scales, I am also interested in the interplay between abiotic habitat conditions and biotic interactions in lotic systems, particularly with regard to anthropogenic disturbances to stream habitat (e.g., water development, land use in the watershed) and the introduction of bioinvasive species. Although I have conducted several studies on factors influencing the occurrence of small stream species, I am especially interested in the application of principals and techniques commonly used to assess sport fishes (e.g., growth and mortality analyses) on stream fish populations.
Ecology of Large River Systems
Large rivers represent some of the most altered ecosystems in North America. Consequently, another of my primary research directions has focused on anthropogenic influences to native fishes in large-river systems. In particular, I am interested in the effects of habitat modification due to water development (e.g., impoundments, diversion structures), how these changes facilitate the introduction and naturalization of bioinvasive fishes, and how altered habitat conditions and biotic interactions work in synergy to influence native species in large rivers. In addition to issues related to native species conservation, I am also interested in the effects of habitat modification and exploitation (i.e., commercial and recreational harvest) on fish population dynamics in large rivers.
Fish Assemblages and Population Dynamics in Lake and Reservoir Systems
Similar to my research in lotic systems, my research in lake and reservoir systems focuses on the magnitude, importance, and interactions of abiotic and biotic conditions. I seek to take an integrative approach to my research on fishes in lentic systems by focusing on all aspects (i.e., growth, recruitment, and mortality) of their population dynamics and factors influencing the structure of fish assemblages. Consequently, my approach to answering questions related to the ecology of lakes and reservoirs is multifaceted, including the use of long-term, spatially-extensive data sets, field studies that focus on different ontogentic stages (i.e., larvae, juveniles, adults), experimental manipulations to elucidate mechanistic relationships, and ecological models to investigate factors influencing growth, recruitment, and mortality. Some of the most interesting and challenging aspects of conducting research on fishes in lakes and reservoirs, particularly reservoirs, are the dynamic nature of abiotic characteristics and the fact that many introduced and native species have little or no evolutionary history of co-occurrence. As such, I incorporate these concepts into my research whenever possible.
Another major research direction has focused on the application and development of tools and techniques used by fishery managers. One research focus has been on the use, application, and development of indices (e.g., size structure, condition, recruitment, mortality, growth) used to evaluate and monitor fish populations. In addition to these interests, I am also interested in and have developed novel techniques for sampling and assessing populations that can be used to address issues and concerns related to fisheries management and conservation.
Synergism among Major Research Directions
Although I have interests and have conducted research over a diverse array of species and ecosystems, several overall themes in my research are apparent. My research attempts to account for multiple factors (i.e., abiotic and biotic characteristics) and their interactive effects. Regardless of the species or system, I strive to take an integrative approach that utilizes information from a variety of disciplines and techniques (e.g., field studies, experimental manipulation, ecological modeling) to provide meaningful insight and answers to research questions. Basic ecological ideas can provide a foundation and conceptual framework for research; therefore, I strive to integrate basic ecological concepts with applied research questions. Such studies appeal to the general scientific community and contribute to our understanding of basic ecological principles, while at the same time answer questions that have practical utility. Lastly, nearly all of my research is directed at questions that are meaningful to natural resource managers, regardless of whether the focus is on native species conservation or sport fisheries management.