Statistics encompasses course work in designing and analyzing experiments, planning and interpreting surveys, and exploring relationships among variables observed on social, physical and biological phenomena. The applied nature of the program allows the student to develop data analysis tools for such diverse areas as business and economics, crop and animal production, biological sciences, human behavior, education, engineering, energy and the environment, and natural resource management. The statistics program thus supports major programs in other disciplines.

At the undergraduate level, there is a statistics option available under applied mathematics that is offered through the Department of Mathematics that leads to a baccalaureate degree. In addition, the Department of Statistics offers an academic statistics minor for undergraduate students.

At the graduate level, the Department of Statistical Sciences at the University of Idaho offers graduate training leading to the degree of Master of Science in Statistical Sciences or to Graduate Certificates in either Statistics or Process and Performance Excellence. The objective of the M.S. program in Statistics is to provide sound training in the fundamental principles and techniques of statistics. Graduates will be equipped for a variety of statistical careers in industry, business, agriculture, government and biomedical fields or to engage in further study in the doctoral level. The objective of the certificate programs are to enhance the ability of the student to apply statistical methodologies in their chosen field of endeavor.

The UI statistics group is an intercollegiate, interdisciplinary team emphasizing broad applications as well as theoretical aspects of statistics. In addition to research within the discipline, faculty collaborate actively with researchers from the physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as business and engineering to promote campus-wide cooperation in investigation of statistical problems. There is also close academic liaison with the Department of Statistics at the nearby Washington State University.