Scientists Explore How Landscape Affects Wildlife, Plant Genetics
Friday, July 23 2010
MOSCOW, Idaho – The University of Idaho College of Natural Resources is leading efforts to advance scientific understanding of a relatively new area of research called “landscape genetics,” a science that has high potential for practical conservation and management of natural resources.
“The study of landscape genetics has the potential to greatly enhance our knowledge of how landscape and environmental features influence animal and plant movement, population viability and gene flow,” said Lisette Waits, professor of wildlife resources.
Landscape genetics has both local and global applications, Waits explained. For example, Idaho and Montana researchers have employed landscape genetics to determine how the amount and depth of snowfall influences wolverine populations’ abilities to connect with each other. In Costa Rica, researchers will use landscape genetics to evaluate whether the Meso-American Biological Corridor is achieving goals of wildlife and plant connectivity, and if it is sustainable under future climate scenarios.
Waits co-leads a group comprised of educators around the world who received a grant from the National Center for Ecological Analyses and Synthesis (NCEAS) to develop a biannual international graduate course in landscape genetics. Graduate students at different universities watch the same taped lectures and participate in group research projects that eventually will be published manuscripts.
“It’s really a unique model for graduate education,” said Waits. “Students get to learn from the best experts in the world instead of at just one university, and get the opportunity to interact with other students across the globe.”
Waits and postdoctoral scientist Steven Spear currently participate in an NCEAS-funded international research working group seeking to develop landscape genetic methods and theory that ultimately will help predict the effects of proposed management policies on endangered species. Their efforts also will enhance scientific understanding of habitat fragmentation, population viability, population connectivity, the spread of diseases and invasives and other ecological processes.
Waits also is co-leading the development of a special issue on landscape genetics that will be published in the September issue of “Molecular Ecology.” The issue will include cutting edge landscape genetic empirical studies and reviews that will advance the field of landscape genetics and help improve the conservation and management of a diversity of plant and animal species around the world.
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About the University of Idaho
Founded in 1889, the University of Idaho is the state’s flagship higher-education institution and its principal graduate education and research university, bringing insight and innovation to the state, the nation and the world. University researchers attract nearly $100 million in research grants and contracts each year; the University of Idaho is the only institution in the state to earn the prestigious Carnegie Foundation ranking for high research activity. The university’s student population includes first-generation college students and ethnically diverse scholars. Offering more than 130 degree options in 10 colleges, the university combines the strengths of a large university with the intimacy of small learning communities. The university is home to the Vandals, the 2009 Roady’s Humanitarian Bowl champions. For information, visit www.uidaho.edu
About the University of Idaho
The University of Idaho helps students to succeed and become leaders. Its land-grant mission furthers innovative scholarly and creative research to grow Idaho's economy and serve a statewide community. From its main campus in Moscow, Idaho, to 70 research and academic locations statewide, U-Idaho emphasizes real-world application as part of its student experience. U-Idaho combines the strength of a large university with the intimacy of small learning communities. It is home to the Vandals, and competes in the Western Athletic Conference. For information, visit www.uidaho.edu