Information in this resource is based on the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook (UCR).
Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter
Defined as the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
Defined as the killing of another person through gross negligence.
Sex Offenses – Forcible
Defined as any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person’s will; or not forcibly against that person’s will where the victim is incapable of giving consent. Forcible Sex Offenses include four types:
- Forcible Rape
- Forcible Sodomy
- Sexual Assault with an Object
- Forcible Fondling
Sex Offenses – Non-forcible
Defined as unlawful non-forcible sexual intercourse. Non-forcible Sex Offenses include two types:
- Incest is non-forcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
- Statutory Rape is non-forcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the age of consent. For the State of Idaho if the female is 16 and the male is 18 years of age or older, or the female is 16 or 17 and the male is three years older than the female.
Robbery is the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
Aggravated assault is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.
Burglary is the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft.
Motor Vehicle Theft
Motor vehicle theft is the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
Arson is any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling, house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
Hate Crimes/Bias Crimes
A hate crime is a criminal offense committed against a person or property which is motivated in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias. Bias is a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their race, gender, religion, disability, sexual orientation or ethnicity/national origin.
A preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics (e.g., color of skin, eyes, and/or hair; facial features, etc.) genetically transmitted by descent and heredity, which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind (e.g., Asians, blacks, whites).
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons because those persons are male or female.
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme being (e.g., Catholics, Jews, Protestants, atheists).
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their sexual attraction toward, and responsiveness to, members of their own sex or members of the opposite sex (e.g., gays, lesbians, heterosexuals).
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons of the same race or national origin who share common or similar traits, languages, customs and traditions (e.g., Arabs, Hispanics).
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairments/challenges, whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.
A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender identity (e.g., transgender or gender non-conforming individuals).
For Clery purposes, hate crimes include any offense in the following two groups that is motivated by bias. FBI UCR General and Hate Crimes include:
- Murder and Non-negligent manslaughter
- Forcible sex offenses
- Non-forcible sex offenses
- Aggravated assault
- Motor vehicle theft
FBI UCR Crimes Specifically Used for Hate Crimes
The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. (Larceny and theft mean the same thing in the UCR.) Constructive possession is the condition in which a person does not have physical custody or possession, but is in a position to exercise dominion or control over a thing.
An unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.
To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.
Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property
To willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.
New for 2014 Violence Against Women Act Clery Crimes
Includes asserted violent misdemeanor and felony offenses committed by the victim's current or former spouse, current or former cohabitant, person similarly situated under domestic or family violence law, or anyone else protected under domestic or family violence law.
Violence by a person who has been in a romantic or
intimate relationship with the victim. Whether there was such relationship will be
gauged by its length, type, and frequency of interaction.
A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would
cause a reasonable person to fear for her, his, or others' safety, or to suffer
substantial emotional distress.