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Idaho Sustainable Agriculture Initiative for Dairy

The state of Idaho currently ranks as the third largest producer of dairy in the nation, more than tripling its previous rank of 11th 25 years prior. With this exponential growth, the dairy industry is faced with major challenges regarding the handling and processing of liquid and solid manure. The high concentration of nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) due to imported feed and fertilizer use have created an environment where these nutrients are not sufficiently used by the soil and plants. The Idaho Sustainable Agriculture Initiative for Dairy grant, a USDA Sustainable Agriculture Systems grant has proposed a plan to use N and P from dairy production to produce useful bioproducts that can be transported and used in other areas for crop production or value-added products such as bioplastics.

Figure: Dairy bioeconomy
Dairy centered bioeconomy framework.

A dairy centered bioeconomy will be the framework, with production and conversion of renewable biological resources and waste streams into value-added products such as food and fuel. One successful strategy is to integrate systems to produce multiple products that maximize use of the raw material, in this case manure. A bioeconomy often involves a value-web which merges multiple supply chains that include both recycling and cascading uses that fully capture the potential uses of the raw material. The system can be partially or entirely circular as elements are recycled for continuous reuse in different portions of the system. This increases efficiency, improves human health by using problematic wastes as raw material, conserves water and energy, and reduces climate impacts.

close up of a dairy cow's head in herd

A team of 78 individuals, including faculty, Extension educators, alumni and graduate and undergraduate students will be working on the grant, led by Mark McGuire, CALS associate dean and director of the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station.

Contact

Mailing Address:
315 Falls Avenue East
Twin Falls ID 83301

Phone: 208-736-3600

Fax: 208-736-0843

Email: dairy@uidaho.edu

Web: uidaho.edu/cals/twin-falls