Dr. Scott has devoted a lifetime to the study and conservation of the world’s rarest species. After 37 years with the US Department of Interior he retired in 2011 as a senior scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey, leader of the Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, and University Distinguished Professor of Fish and Wildlife Sciences at the University of Idaho. He has published more than 200 journal articles and written or edited ten books. His work and that of his students and colleagues has been recognized with multiple national and international awards from public agencies, nonprofit groups and professional societies. Techniques he, his students and colleagues pioneered include the variable Circular Plot method for estimating population sizes of birds and Gap Analysis a “tool used in wildlife conservation to map the distribution of natural resources e.g. species ecological systems, geophysical features and document their occurrence in conservation areas. Use that information to identify which species or ecosystems represent “gaps” in the current system of conservation areas. Land use planners, conservation groups and others use Gap Analysis to identify opportunities for increasing protection of natural resources by changes in land use practices, establishment of new or addition to existing wildlife refuges, natural resource parks. Gap Analysis is being used worldwide to inform natural resource management and policy decisions regarding creation of new natural area reserves. His current research focuses on recovery of endangered species. In doing so he and his colleagues have documented that 84 % of currently listed species will require continuing management activities even after recovery goals have been achieved. These species are Conservation Reliant. The work of Dr. Scott his students, colleagues and the public land management agencies and ranchers he works with is documenting the elements of America’s landscape needed to save species while they are still common and improve effectiveness of recovery actions for imperiled species.