Contact Us

Vandal Health Ed

Health Education
Emily Tuschhoff
Health Education Coordinator
Phone: (208) 885-4146
emilyt@uidaho.edu
 
Health Resource Room
1000 Paradise Creek Street
Room 102
Moscow, ID 83844-1230
Phone: (208) 885-4146
vandalhealthed@uidaho.edu

Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is a viral infection causing fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck. Mononucleosis, or mono, is often spread by saliva and close contact, and is known as "the kissing disease."

Symptoms

  • Drowsiness
  • Fever
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches or stiffness
  • Rash
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes – especially in the neck and armpit
  • Swollen spleen

Diagnosis

During a physical examination, the doctor may find swollen lymph nodes in the front and back of your neck, as well as swollen tonsils with a whitish-yellow covering. The doctor might also feel a swollen liver or swollen spleen when pushing on your belly. There may be a skin rash. Blood work often reveals a higher-than-normal white blood cell (WBC) count and unusual-looking white blood cells called atypical lymphocytes, which are seen when blood is examined under a microscope. Atypical lymphocytes and abnormal liver function tests are a hallmark sign of the disease.

It is not essential to contact your health care provider unless symptoms last for longer than 10 days or you develop one of the following

  • Abdominal pain
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Persistent high fevers
  • Severe headache
  • Severe sore throat or swollen tonsils
  • Weakness in the arm or legs
  • Yellow discoloration of your eyes or skin

Call 911 or go to an emergency room if you develop:

  • Sharp, sudden, severe abdominal pain
  • Significant difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • Stiff neck or severe weakness

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Gargle with warm salt to ease a sore throat
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and fever