Joan Donoghue is the U.S. judge on the 15-member International Court of Justice (the ICJ, also known as the World Court), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, seated in The Hague in The Netherlands. She was elected to the Court by the U.N. General Assembly and Security Council in 2010.
Prior to her election to the ICJ, Judge Donoghue had a long and distinguished career as a senior attorney in the U.S. Government. She served for three years as the Principal Deputy Legal Adviser of the United States Department of State (the senior career legal position in the State Department), and was the Acting Legal Adviser of the Department of State for the first six months of the Administration of President Obama. While serving at the State Department, Judge Donoghue was recognized for her service with both the Presidential Meritorious Honor Award and the Distinguished Honor Award, the highest award given by the U.S. Secretary of State. She has also served as the Deputy General Counsel of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
In addition to her government service, Judge Donoghue has taught international law and foreign relations law courses at the University of California, Berkeley (Boalt Hall), Georgetown University and George Washington University. She lectures frequently on international law topics. In April 2013, she will serve as a faculty member in the United Nations regional training course on international law in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, lecturing on international investment law.
Judge Donoghue is a member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law and is Counselor for the American Law Institute’s Fourth Restatement of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States.