Annual medical exams for healthy male adults are typically not necessary, however particular screenings are recommended for men under 40 years of age with no signs or symptoms of related health problems:
- Testicular exams by a health care provider every one to two years in addition to monthly testicular self-exams
- Blood Pressure Screening every two years
- Blood work for Cholesterol every five years
- Any other specific areas of concern
- Student Health Clinic | (208) 885-6693
- Moscow Family Medicine | QuickCARE | (208) 882-0540
- Planned Parenthood in Pullman | (886) 904-7721
Planned Parenthood is a sexual and reproductive healthcare provider and advocate. They are a pro-choice organization that provides many services and education regarding sexual health and reproductive rights.
- WISH Medical in Moscow | (208) 892-9474
WISH Medical is the medical arm of a 501 (c)3 non-profit, faith-based corporation. They provide specialized medical, educational and practical support to those facing pregnancy, sexual relationship health and abortion-related issues.
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Testicular cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in men 18-35 and, if caught early, it is very treatable.
Preforming monthly testicular self-exams (TSEs) is a good way to notice signs or symptoms of cancer early. Some risk factors are family history, undescended testicle, occupational risk and injury to the testicles. The test should be done each month in a warm bath or shower, and should only take a few minutes. Doing a self-exam monthly allows you to get familiar with the size and shape of your testicles so you are able to notice changes more easily.
What to Do
- Examine each testicle separately
- Using both hands, put your thumbs on top of the testicles and fingers under and behind the testicles
- Gently slide or roll the skin of the scrotum across the testicle. Do not rub.
- Examine the entire area of the testicle. The surface should feel smooth, without lumps or tenderness.
- Feel the side of the testicle closest to the body for the epididymis. The epididymis is a comma-shaped, cord-like tube that stores and transports sperm. Don't mistake the "lump" of the epididymis for an abnormal lump. Cancerous lumps are more commonly found at the front of the testicle. If you're not sure if what you're feeling is the epididymis or a lump, make an appointment at the Student Health Clinic or with another medical provider. Remember, you can request a medical provider by name or gender.
What to Look For
- Small, hard, non-tender lumps
- Enlarged testicle, or feeling of heaviness
- Change in feeling or consistency of the testicle
- Dull ache in lower abdomen or groin
If You Find a Lump
A lump is not always cancerous, but it is important to get checked if you do notice any lumps, changes or abnormalities. Some other causes of lumps and abnormalities may be infections or testicular torsion, when the testicle is rotated inside the scrotum, which also need to be addressed. When detected early and treated, testicular cancer is 95 percent treatable, but it can spread quickly.
The following resources are used as reference for Vandal Health Education sites.
- Idaho Health Department
- Center’s for Disease Control
- Mayo Clinic
- Planned Parenthood
- The Naked Truth
- American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology
- PubMed Health
- American College Health Association
- National Center for Victims of Crime
- Go Ask Alice
- University of Arizona Health Education
- Brown University Health Education
- University of Georgia Student Health Center
- University of Texas at Austin Counseling & Mental Health Center
- Oregon State University Student Health