purple flower

Plants

Special thanks to Amie-June Brumble and Holly Akenson for their assistance in collecting these data.
  • Family Aceraceae
    Acer glabrum (Rocky Mountain maple)
    Acer glabrum var. douglasii (Douglas’ maple)
  • Family Anacardiaceae
    Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)
  • Family Apiaceae
    Heracleum maximum (common cowparsnip)
    Lomatium dissectum (fernleaf biscuitroot)
    Lomatium foeniculaceum (desert biscuitroot)
    Lomatium triternatum (nineleaf biscuitroot)
    Osmorhiza berteroi (sweetcicely)
    Pteryxia terebinthina var. foeniculacea (turpentine wavewing)
  • Family Apocyonaceae
    Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
  • Family Araliaceae
    Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
  • Family Asclepiadaceae
    Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed)
  • Family Asteraceae
    Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)
    Agoseris heterophylla (annual agoseris)
    Anaphalis margaritacea (western pearly everlasting)
    Antennaria anaphaloides (pearly pussytoes)
    Antennaria corymbosa (flat-top pussytoes)
    Antennaria microphylla (littleleaf pussytoes)
    Antennaria racemosa (raceme pussytoes)
    Arctium minus (lesser burdock)
    Arnica cordifolia (heart-leaf arnica)
    Arnica sororia (twin arnica)
    Artemisia tridentata (big sagebrush)
    Balsamorhiza hookeri (Hooker’s balsamroot)
    Balsamorhiza sagittata (arrowleaf balsamroot)
    Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)
    Chaenactis douglasii var. douglasii (Douglas’ dustymaiden)
    Chondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)
    Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (yellow rabbitbrush)
    Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
    Cirsium hookerianum (white thistle)
    Cirsium scariosum (meadow thistle)
    Crepis atribarba (slender hawksbeard)
    Ericameria nauseosa (rubber rabbitbrush)
    Erigeron asperugineus (Idaho fleabane)
    Erigeron corymbosus (longleaf fleabane)
    Erigeron pumilus (shaggy fleabane)
    Erigeron pumilus ssp. intermedius (shaggy fleabane)
    Erigeron pumilus ssp. intermedius var. gracilior (shaggy fleabane)
    Hieraceum scouleri var. albertinum (Scouler’s woollyweed)
    Matricaria discoidea (pineapple weed)
    Microseris nutans (nodding microseris)
    Nothocalais troximoides (sagebrush false dandelion)
    Packera streptanthifolia (Rocky Mountain groundsel)
    Senecio integerrimus (lambstongue ragwort)
    Senecio triangularis var. triangularis (arrowleaf ragwort)
    Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
    Stenotus acaulis (stemless mock goldenweed)
    Stenotus lanuginosus (woolly mock goldenweed)
    Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
    Tragopogon dubius (yellow salsify)
  • Family Berberidaceae
    Mahonia repens (creeping barberry)
  • Family Betulaceae
    Alnus incana (thinleaf alder)
    Betula occidentalis (water birch)
  • Family Boraginaceae
    Amsinkia lycopsoides (tarweed fiddleneck)
    Cryptantha ambigua (Basin cryptantha)
    Cryptantha intermedia (Clearwater cryptantha)
    Hackelia cinerea (gray stickseed)
    Hackelia floribunda (manyflower stickseed)
    Lappula occidentalis var. occidentalis (flatspine stickseed)
    Lithospermum ruderale (western gromwell)
    Mertensia longiflora (small bluebells)
    Mertensia oblongifolia (oblongleaf bluebells)
  • Family Brassicaceae
    Arabis hirsuta (hairy rockcress)
    Arabis holboelii (Holboell’s rockcress)
    Arabis microphylla (littleleaf rockcress)
    Camelina microcarpa (littlepod false flax)
    Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)
    Cardamine cordifolia (heartleaf bittercress)
    Descurainia pinnata (western tansymustard)
    Draba nemorosa (woodland draba)
    Nasturtium officinale (watercress)
    Physaria geyeri var. purpurea (purple twinpod)
    Sisymbrium altissimum (tall tumblemustard)
  • Family Campanulaceae
    Campanula parryi (Parry’s bellflower)
  • Family Caprifoliaceae
    Linnaea borealis (western twinflower)
    Lonicera ciliosa (orange honeysuckle)
    Lonicera involucrata (twinberry honeysuckle)
    Lonicera involucrata var. involucrata (twinberry honeysuckle)
    Lonicera utahensis (Utah honeysuckle)
    Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea (blue elderberry)
    Sambucus racemosa var. melanocarpa (Rocky Mountain elderberry)
    Symphoricarpos albus (snowberry)
    Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus (snowberry)
    Symphoricarpos oreophilus (mountain snowberry)
  • Family Caryophyllaceae
    Arenaria congesta (ballhead sandwort)
    Silene antirrhina (sleepy silene)
    Silene douglasii var. douglasii (Douglas’ catchfly)
    Silene latifolia var. alba (bladder campion)
    Silene menziesii (Menzies’ campion)
    Silene parryi (Parry’s silene)
    Silene vulgaris (maidenstears)
  • Family Chenopodiaceae
    Chenopodium album (lambsquarters)
    Chenopodium simplex (mapleleaf goosefoot)
  • Family Cornaceae
    Cornus sericea (redosier dogwood)
    Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (redosier dogwood)
  • Family Crassulaceae
    Sedum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum (spearleaf stonecrop)
    Sedum stenopetalum (wormleaf stonecrop)
  • Family Cupressaceae
    Juniperus communis (common juniper)
    Juniperus communis var. saxatilis (common juniper)
    Juniperus scopulorum (Rocky Mountain juniper)
    Thuja plicata (western redcedar)
  • Family Cyperaceae
    Carex geyeri (Geyer’s sedge)
    Carex microptera (smallwing sedge)
    Carex pellita (woolly sedge)
  • Family Dryopteridaceae
    Cystopteris fragilis (brittle bladderfern)
  • Family Elaegnaceae
    Shepherdia canadensis (russet buffaloberry)
  • Family Equisetaceae
    Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
    Equisetum hyemale (scouringrush horsetail)
  • Family Ericaceae
    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (kinnickinnick)
    Ledum glandulosum (western Labrador tea)
    Phyllodoce empetriformis (pink mountain heath)
    Vaccinium cespitosum (dwarf bilberry)
    Vaccinium globulare (thinleaf huckleberry)
    Vaccinium membranaceum (thinleaf huckleberry)
    Vaccinium scoparium (grouse whortleberry)
  • Family Euphorbiaceae
    Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge)
  • Family Fabaceae
    Astragalus atropubescens (hangingpod milkvetch)
    Astragalus inflexus (bent milkvetch)
    Astragalus kentrophyta (spiny milkvetch)
    Lupinus sericeus (silky lupine)
    Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus (silky lupine)
    Medicago sativa (alfalfa)
    Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweetclover)
    Trifolium longipes (longstalk clover)
    Trifolium pratense (red clover)
  • Family Gentianaceae
    Frasera albicaulis var. albicaulis (whitestem frasera)
    Frasera speciosa (elkweed)
    Gentiana parryi (Parry’s gentian)
  • Family Geraniaceae
    Geranium viscosissimum (sticky purple geranium)
  • Family Grossulariaceae
    Ribes aureum (golden currant)
    Ribes cereum (wax currant)
    Ribes cereum var. inebrians (wax currant)
    Ribes hudsonianum (northern black currant)
    Ribes hudsonianum var. petiolare (western black currant)
    Ribes inerme (whitestem currant)
    Ribes lacustre (prickly currant)
    Ribes niveum (gooseberry)
    Ribes oxyacanthoides ssp. setosum (inland gooseberry)
    Ribes velutinum (desert gooseberry)
    Ribes viscosissimum (sticky currant)
    Ribes viscosissimum var. viscosissimum (sticky currant)
  • Family Hydrangeaceae
    Philadelphus lewisii (Lewis’ mock-orange)
  • Family Hydrophyllaceae
    Hesperochiron pumilus (dwarf hesperochiron)
    Hydrophyllum capitatum (ballhead waterleaf)
    Hydrophyllum capitatum var. capitatum (ballhead waterleaf)
    Hydrophyllum fendleri var. fendleri (Fendler’s waterleaf)
    Phacelia hastata (silverleaf phacelia)
    Phacelia hastata var. hastata (silverleaf phacelia)
    Phacelia heterophylla (varileaf phacelia)
  • Family Juncaceae
    Luzula glabrata var. hitchcockii (Hitchcock’s smooth woodrush)
  • Family Lamiaceae
    Agastache urticifolia (nettleleaf horsemint)
    Lamium purpureum (purple deadnettle)
  • Family Liliaceae
    Allium simillimum (Simil onion)
    Calochortus elegans (elegant mariposa lily)
    Calochortus eurycarpus (white mariposa lily)
    Clintonia uniflora (bride’s bonnet)
    Erythronium grandiflorum (yellow avalanche-lily)
    Fritillaria atropurpurea (spotted fritillary)
    Fritillaria pudica (yellow bell)
    Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum (feathery false lily of the valley)
    Maianthemum stellatum (starry false lily of the valley)
    Prosartes trachycarpa (roughfruit fairybells)
    Streptopus amplexifolius (claspleaf twistedstalk)
    Streptopus amplexifolius var. chalazatus (tubercle twistedstalk)
    Triantha occidentalis ssp. brevistyla (sticky tofieldia)
    Trillium ovatum (Pacific Trillium)
    Triteleia grandiflora var. grandiflora (largeflower triteleia)
    Veratrum viride (false green hellebore)
    Xerophyllum tenax (common beargrass)
    Zigadenus elegans (mountain deathcamas)
    Zigadenus venenosus (meadow deathcamas)
  • Family Loasaceae
    Mentzelia laevicaulis (smoothstem blazingstar)
    Mentzelia laevicaulis var. laevicaulis (smoothstem blazingstar)
  • Family Malvaceae
    Iliamna rivularis (streambank wild hollyhock)
  • Family Monotropaceae
    Pterospora andromeda (woodland pinedrops)
  • Family Onagraceae
    Chamerion angustifolium (fireweed)
    Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium (fireweed)
    Epilobium ciliatum ssp. watsonii (fringed willowherb)
    Epilobium obcordatum (rockfringe)
    Oenothera caespitosa ssp. caespitosa (tufted evening primrose)
    Oenothera villosa ssp. strigosa (hairy evening primrose)
  • Family Orchidaceae
    Calypso bulbosa (fairy slipper)
    Goodyera oblongifolia (western rattlesnake plantain)
    Piperia unalascensis (slender-spire orchid)
    Platanthera aquilonis (northern green orchid)
    Platanthera dilatata (scentbottle)
    Platanthera stricta (slender bog orchid)
  • Family Pinaceae
    Abies lasiocarpa (subalpine fir)
    Picea engelmanii (Engelmann spruce)
    Pinus albicaulis (whitebark pine)
    Pinus contorta (lodgepole pine)
    Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine)
    Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir)
  • Family Poaceae
    Agropyrum cristatum (crested wheatgrass)
    Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass)
    Alopecurus aequalis (shortawn foxtail)
    Bromus carinatus (California brome)
    Bromus inermis (smooth brome)
    Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass)
    Calamagrostis rubescens (pinegrass)
    Dactylis glomerata (orchardgrass)
    Elymus glaucus (blue wildrye)
    Elymus elymoides ssp. elymoides (squirreltail)
    Festuca brachyphylla (alpine fescue)
    Festuca idahoensis (Idaho fescue)
    Hesperostipa comata (needle-and-thread grass)
    Koeleria macrantha (prairie Junegrass)
    Leymus cinereus (basin wild rye)
    Melica bulbosa (oniongrass)
    Phleum alpinum (alpine timothy)
    Phleum pratense (timothy)
    Poa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)
    Poa nervosa (Wheeler bluegrass)
    Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
    Poa secunda (Sandberg bluegrass)
    Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass)
    Vulpia octoflora (sixweeks fescue)
  • Family Polemoniaceae
    Collomia linearis (tiny trumpet)
    Ipomopsis aggregata (scarlet gilia)
    Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. aggregata (scarlet gilia)
    Leptosiphon septentrionalis (northern linanthus)
    Linanthus pungens (granite prickly phlox)
    Microsteris gracilis (slender phlox)
    Phlox austromontana (mountain phlox)
    Phlox longifolia (longleaf phlox)
  • Family Polygonaceae
    Eriogonum caespitosum (matted buckwheat)
    Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium (parsnipflower buckwheat)
    Eriogonum ovalifolium (oval-leafed buckwheat)
    Eriogonum strictum (Blue Mountain buckwheat)
    Eriogonum umbellatum (sulphur-flower buckwheat)
    Polygonum bistortoides (American bistort)
    Rumex acetosella (common sheep sorrel)
  • Family Portulaceae
    Claytonia arenicola (sand springbeauty)
    Claytonia cordifolia (heartleaf springbeauty)
    Claytonia lanceolata (lanceleaf springbeauty)
    Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata (miner’s lettuce)
    Lewisia redviva (bitter root)
  • Family Primulaceae
    Dodecatheon conjugens ssp. conjugens (Bonneville shootingstar)
    Dodecatheon pulchellum (darkthroat shootingstar)
    Dodecatheon pulchellum ssp. pulchellum (darkthroat shootingstar)
  • Family Pyrolaceae
    Chimaphila umbellate (prince’s pine)
    Pyrola sp. (wintergreen)
  • Family Ranunculaceae
    Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum (Columbian monkshood)
    Actaea rubra (red bandberry)
    Anemone piperi (Piper’s anemone)
    Aquilegia flavescens (yellow columbine)
    Clematis columbiana (rock clematis)
    Clematis columbiana var. columbiana (rock clematis)
    Clematis hirsutissima (hairy clematis)
    Clematis ligusticifolia (western white clematis)
    Delphinium barbeyi (subalpine larkspur)
    Delphinium bicolor ssp. bicolor (little larkspur)
    Delphinium menziesii ssp. menziesii (Menzies’ larkspur)
    Ranunculus eschsholtzii (Eschsholtz’s buttercup)
    Ranunculus glaberrimus (sagebrush buttercup)
    Ranunculus glaberrimus var. ellipticus (elliptical buttercup)
    Ranunculus glaberrimus var. glaberrimus (sagebrush buttercup)
    Ranunculus trichophyllus var. trichophyllus (threadleaf crowfoot)
    Ranunculus uncinatus (woodland buttercup)
    Thalictrum occidentale (western meadow-rue)
    Trollius laxus (American globeflower)
    Trollius laxus ssp. albiflorus (American globeflower)
  • Family Rhamnaceae
    Ceanothus velutinus (snowbrush ceanothus)
    Ceanothus velutinus var. velutinus (snowbrush ceanothus)
  • Family Roseaceae
    Amelanchier alnifolia (Saskatoon serviceberry)
    Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii (Cusick’s serviceberry)
    Cercocarpus ledifolius (curl-leaf mountain mahogany)
    Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intercedens (curl-leaf mountain mahogany)
    Crataegus douglasii (black hawthorn)
    Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda (shrubby cinquefoil)
    Fragaria vesca (woodland strawberry)
    Fragaria vesca var. bracteata (woodland strawberry)
    Fragaria virginiana (Virginia strawberry)
    Fragaria virginiana var. glauca (Virginia strawberry)
    Fragaria virginiana var. platypetala (Virginia strawberry)
    Geum triflorum (prairie smoke)
    Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)
    Physocarpus malvaceus (mallow ninebark)
    Potentilla flabellifolia (high mountain cinquefoil)
    Potentilla glandulosa (sticky cinquefoil)
    Prunus emarginata (bitter cherry)
    Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)
    Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa (black chokecherry)
    Purshia tridentata (antelope bitterbrush)
    Rosa woodsii (Wood’s rose)
    Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Wood’s rose)
    Rubus idaeus (American red raspberry)
    Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (grayleaf red raspberry)
    Rubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)
    Spiraea betulifolia (white spirea)
    Spiraea betulifolia var. betulifolia (shinyleaf spirea)
    Spiraea douglasii (rose spirea)
    Sorbus scopulina (Greene’s mountain ash)
    Sorbus scopulina var. scopulina (Greene’s mountain ash)
  • Family Rubiaceae
    Galium aparine (stickywilly)
  • Family Salicaceae
    Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa (black cottonwood)
    Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
    Salix bebbiana (Bebb willow)
    Salix exigua (coyote willow)
    Salix scouleriana (Scouler’s willow)
  • Family Saxifragaceae
    Heuchera cylindrica (round-leaved alumroot)
    Heuchera grossulariifolia (gooseberryleaf alumroot)
    Heuchera parviflora (littleleaf alumroot)
    Lithophragma glabrum (bulbous woodland-star)
    Lithophragma parviflorum (smallflower woodland-star)
    Mitella breweri (Brewer’s miterwort)
    Mitella pentandra (fivestamen miterwort)
    Parnassia fimbriata (fringed grass of Parnassus)
    Saxifraga odontoloma (brook saxifrage)
  • Family Scrophulariaceae
    Castilleja cusickii (Cusick’s Indian paintbrush)
    Castilleja miniata (giant red Indian paintbrush)
    Castilleja pilosa var. longispica (longspike Indian paintbrush)
    Chionophila tweedyi (Tweedy’s snowlover)
    Collinsia grandiflora (giant blue-eyed Mary)
    Collinsia parviflora (maiden blue-eyed Mary)
    Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax)
    Mimulus guttatus (seep monkeyflower)
    Mimulus lewisii (purple monkeyflower)
    Mimulus nanus (dwarf purple monkeyflower)
    Pedicularis bracteosa (bracted lousewort)
    Pedicularis bracteosa var. siifolia (smoothflower lousewort)
    Pedicularis contorta var. contorta (coiled lousewort)
    Pedicularis groenlandica (elephanthead lousewort)
    Pedicularis racemosa var. alba (sickletop lousewort)
    Penstemon albertinus (Alberta beardtongue)
    Penstemon confertus (yellow penstemon)
    Penstemon deustus var. deustus (scabland penstemon)
    Penstemon fruticosus var. fruticosus (bush penstemon)
    Penstemon humilus (low beardtongue)
    Penstemon payettensis (Payette beardtongue)
    Penstemon wilcoxii (Wilcox’s beardtongue)
    Verbascum thapsus (woolly mullein)
  • Family Selaginellaceae
    Selaginella watsonii (Watson’s spikemoss)
  • Family Typhaceae
    Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)
  • Family Urticaceae
    Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
  • Family Valerianaceae
    Valeriana sitchensis (Sitka valerian)
  • Family Violaceae
    Vicia americana (American vetch)
    Viola adunca (hookedspur violet)
    Viola adunca var. adunca (hookedspur violet)
    Viola glabella (pioneer violet)
    Viola nuttallii (Nuttall’s violet)
    Viola orbiculata (darkwoods violet)