James Gosz has over 40 years of professional experience in environmental science with emphases on ecology, forest and range productivity, biogeochemistry, and soils. He began his professional career with a B.S. in Forest Management at Michigan Technical University (1963), then to the University of Idaho for his Ph.D. in Forest Science and Soil Chemistry (1968). Following his Ph.D., he spent two years as a Postdoc Fellow with Dartmouth College and Cornell University working at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, on Forest Ecology and Biogeochemical Cycling. From 1970 to 2004, he was at the University of New Mexico as Assistant, Associate, and Full Professor in the Biology Department. He led the development of the Long Term Ecological Research program funded by NSF at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico and the development of the Sevilleta Field Station managed by the University of New Mexico. His programs involved multi- and interdisciplinary research efforts to appropriately understand complex systems ecology.
In addition to being the Principal Investigator of the Sevilleta LTER for many years, he also was elected as the Chairman of the Long Term Ecological Research Network, a network of 26 LTER sites funded by NSF ranging from the Arctic to the Antarctic. He also served as the elected chair of the International LTER Network program, a federation of ~30 countries that developed LTER programs in their respective countries.
On two occasions he was on leave from the University of New Mexico and worked at the National Science Foundation as Program Director (1984-86) and Division Director in Environmental Biology (1993-95). After retiring from the University of New Mexico, he became a Research Professor at the University of Idaho and was on leave (IPA) while working at the National Science Foundation as Senior Program Director in the EPSCoR Program in the NSF Director’s Office (2005-2007). Following the NSF position in 2007, he returned to the University of Idaho and was named Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Education.
Peters, D., S.C. Goslee, S.L. Collins and J.R. Gosz. Landscape diversity. In: S.A. Levin ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd Edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA (in press).
Gosz, J.R., R. Waide, & J. Magnuson. 2010. Twenty-eight years of the US-LTER Program: Experience, results, and research questions. In: Long Term Ecological Research. Between Theory and Application. Muller, F., Schubert, H. & Klotz, S., Springer Science & Business Media.
Peters, Debra, J. Gosz, Scott Collins. 2009. Boundary Dynamics in Landscapes, Chapter 5, pp. 458-463, In: Simon Levin, ed. Princeton Guide to Ecology, Princeton University Press.
Robertson, G. Philip, Vivien Allen, George Boody, Emery Boose, Nancy Creamer, Laurie Drinkwater, James Gosz, Lori Lynch, John Havlin, Louise Jackson, Steward Pickett, Louis Pitelka, Alan Randall, Scott Reed, Timothy Seastedt, Robert Waide, Diana Wall. Long-Term Agricultural Research (LTAR): A Research, Education, and Extension Imperative. BioScience 57: 640-645.
Baez, Selene, J. Fargione, D. Moore, S. Collins, J. R. Gosz, 2007. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert temporal trends and potential consequences, Journal of Arid Environments, 68:240-251.
The areas of research while at the University of New Mexico focused on Environmental Science and Natural Resource Management in habitats ranging from semiarid grassland to forest and subalpine grassland.He initiated a number of long term research programs focused on biogeochemistry and watershed ecology, semiarid ecosystem dynamics, and forest ecology. His programs involved multi- and interdisciplinary research efforts to appropriately understand complex systems ecology.
At the University of Idaho, his interests continue in natural resource management and contrasting environments under different levels of human activity; urban to Wilderness.
Collaborative Research–Taylor Wilderness Ranch and Flathead Lake Biological Station
The University of Montana and University of Idaho are awarded a Collaborative Research FSML grant to facilitate field station infrastructure and interinstitutional collaboration building on the strengths of the individual programs and institutions. The Flathead Lake Biological Station in Montana and the Taylor Wilderness Research Station in Idaho, along with the Yellowstone Ecosystem Research Center (YERC) in Wyoming, are key stations in the region that can address issues of climate and land-use changes on terrestrial and aquatic processes that influence landscape connectivity and biodiversity. A primary installation will be a distributed-sensor array (RiverNet) in river and riparian systems at the Flathead (Middle Flathead River) and Taylor (Big Creek) Stations that will collect real-time data needed for demonstrating influences of climate and landscape change. This instrumentation will complement existing infrastructure at YERC. Aquatic sensors will collect real-time data on water depth, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, NO3 and water temperature. Riparian sensors will collect data on air temperature, humidity, total solar radiation, PAR and soil moisture and temperature at 20 cm and 50 cm depths. The design of the distributed sensor networks is the result of university researchers and engineers and instrument specialists at Cisco Systems Inc., a partner in this program.
Collaborative Research–Vulnerability reduction of complex mountain landscapes
Mountain-valley environments that have been, or are in the process of in-migration, urbanization, and exurbanization are complex landscapes characterized by dramatic changes in natural systems and socioeconomic transitions, i.e., complex coupled human-natural systems. The University of Idaho is developing national and international collaborations to address the overarching question of “How can we reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems in complex mountain landscapes through research partnerships”? This effort utilizes a core group from the University of Idaho, Washington State University, University of Montana and the US Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station to develop and coordinate research planning that will be instrumental for informing decision processes required for sustainability efforts in complex mountain landscapes world-wide. The “Network” for this region will become a partnership of academic institutions, state, and federal agencies, Native American tribes, and non-governmental organizations. An important goal of this RCN is to effectively network multiple sources of knowledge on how ecosystems function in complex mountain landscapes for the purpose of improving social and ecological resilience and sustainability of their natural resources and ecosystem services. The work will first demonstrate this process in the Northern Rockies region encompassing Idaho, eastern Washington, western Montana, Wyoming, and southwestern mountain regions of Canada. Subsequent work will extend the model to other complex mountain landscapes nationally and internationally. Extension of the regional model internationally requires international collaboration and initial partnerships are developed for eleven countries throughout Europe, North and South America plus an International Long Term Ecological Research Network (ILTER).
The broader impacts of this project are based on building and expanding partnerships with public, Native American, and private institutions of education and governance to effectively network multiple sources of knowledge and improve social and ecological resilience and sustainability. Coordination activities, guided by a diverse and experienced Steering Committee, encompass science disciplines, engineering, and education efforts. Education programs range from creating national and international graduate student associations to curriculum development, with increasing diversity as a primary objective. Annual meetings, workshops and communication capabilities (national and international) and modern communication capabilities will facilitate exchanges that incorporate findings across local to international boundaries.
- 2012. RCN-SEES: Advancing our understanding of complex mountain landscapes and the vulnerability of natural and human systems to environmental change (PI). $750,000. NSF. 09/1/2012 – 8/31/2017.
- 2008. A Study of the eco-social system of an amenity-driven, urbanizing environment in the Inland Empire. $25,000. University of Idaho. 6/1/08 to present.
- Planning a Long-term Agricultural Project for Dryland Agroecosystems of the Inland Pacific Northwest. coPI. $200,000. USDA/AFRI. 2009 to present.
- 2008. Polishing a Gem for Wilderness Research and Education: a Planning Proposal for Taylor Wilderness Research Station. $25,000. NSF. 10/1/08 – 05/31/11.
- 2009. Collaborative Research: FSML-Enhanced Cooperative Research and Education at Flathead lake Biological Station and Taylor Wilderness Research Station. $261,952. NSF. 09/15/09 – 08/31/12.
- 2010. Collaborative Research: WSC-Category 1. Sustainability Dynamics for Water Resources in a Rapidly Urbanizing and Climatically Sensitive Region. $150,000 (jointly with WSU). NSF. 09/15/10 – 08/31-12.
- 2011. University of Idaho McCall Field Campus Infrastructure Planning (coPI). $25,000. NSF. 02/01/11 – 1/31/12.