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Volcanic Ash-Influenced Soils

Volcanic Ash-Influenced Soils

Northwest soils are complicated by the frequency of volcanic eruptions in the Pacific Northwest region prior to and during the Holocene. Horizon sequences in tephra-influenced soils may consist of multiple tephra deposits that differ in age as well as mineralogy, chemistry and degree of weathering. The most recent depositions of Mount St. Helens and Mount Mazama have influenced North Idaho soils.

For more information on volcanic ash-influenced soils, see the citations below or contact Anita Falen at afalen@uidaho.edu.

  • Garber, Lowell W. 1966. Influence of volcanic ash on the genesis and classification of two Spodosols in Idaho. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. 155 p.
  • Fosberg, M. A., A. L. Falen, J. P. Jones, and B. B. Singh.  1979. Physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics of soils from volcanic ash in northern Idaho: Part I. Morphology and Genesis.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43:541-547.
  • Jones, J. P., B. B. Singh, M. A. Fosberg, and A. L. Falen.  1979. Physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics of soils from volcanic ash in northern Idaho: Part II. Phosphorus sorption.  Soils Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43:248-262.
  • Moody, U. L. 1982. Distribution and characterization of tephra from the May 18, 1980, Mt. St. Helen's eruption in northern Idaho and western Montana. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. 385 p.
  • Mahler, R. L. and M. A. Fosberg. 1983. The Influence of Mount St. Helens Volcanic Ash on Plant Growth and Nutrient Uptake. Agronomy Journal, Vol. 75: 731-735.
  • McDaniel, P. A., M. A. Fosberg, and A. L. Falen. 1993. Expression of andic and spodic properties in tephra influenced soils of northern Idaho, USA. Geoderma, 58: 79-94.
  • Maynard-Johnson, Jodi. 1995. Alteration of Andisols in the Grand Fir Mosaic ecosystem following invasion by bracken fern successional plant communities. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. 91 p.
  • McDaniel, P. A., A. L. Falen, K. R. Tice, R. C. Graham, and S. E. Fendorf. 1995. Beidellite in E Horizons of Northern Idaho Spodosols Formed in Volcanic Ash. Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 43, No. 5, 525-532.
  • Maynard-Johnson, J. L., P. A. McDaniel, D. E. Ferguson, and A. L. Falen. 1997. Chemical and Mineralogical Conversion of Andisols following Invasion by Bracken Fern. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 61:549-555.
  • McDaniel, P. A., A. L. Falen, and M. A. Fosberg. 1997. Genesis of Non-Allophanic E Horizons in Tephra-Influenced Spodosols. Soil Sci. Am. J. 61:211-217.
  • Maynard-Johnson, J.L., P.A. McDaniel, D.E. Ferguson, and A.L. Falen. 1998. Changes in soil solution chemistry of Andisols following invasion by bracken fern. Soil Sci. 163: 814-821.
  • Kimsey, Mark J.  2003.  Sulfate sorption in andic soils of the Inland Northwest.  M. S. thesis, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow.94 p.
  • Kimsey, M, P. McDaniel, D. Strawn, and J. Moore. 2005. Fate of applied sulfate in volcanic ash-influenced forest soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 69:1507-1515.
  • Jimenez, Jason M. 2005. Bracken fern communities of the Grand Fir Mosaic: Biomass allocation and influence on selected soil properties. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. 220 p.
  • McDaniel. P.A., M.A. Wilson, R. Burt, D. Lammers, T.D. Thorson, C.L. McGrath, and N. Peterson. 2005. Andic soils of the Inland Pacific Northwest, USA: Properties and ecological significance. Soil Science 170: 300-311.
  • Ferguson, D.E., Johnson-Maynard, J., and McDaniel, P.A. 2007. The Grand Fir Mosaic ecosystem – History and Management Impacts. pp. 175-184 In Page-Dumroese et al. (eds.) Volcanic-ash-derived forest soils of the inland Northwest: Properties and implications for management and restoration. 9-10 November 2005; Coeur d'Alene, ID. Proceedings RMRS-P-44; Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  • McDaniel, P.A., and M.A. Wilson. 2007. Physical and chemical characteristics of ash-influenced soils of Inland Northwest forests. pp. 31-45 In Page-Dumroese et al. (eds.) Volcanic-ash-derived forest soils of the inland Northwest: Properties and implications for management and restoration. 9-10 November 2005; Coeur d'Alene, ID. Proceedings RMRS-P-44; Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  • Page-Dumroese,D., Ferguson, D.E., McDaniel, P.A., and Johnson-Maynard, J. 2007. Chemical Changes Induced by pH Manipulations of Volcanic Ash-Influenced Soils. pp. 185-202 In Page-Dumroese et al. (eds.) Volcanic-ash-derived forest soils of the inland Northwest: Properties and implications for management and restoration. 9-10 November 2005; Coeur d'Alene, ID. Proceedings RMRS-P-44; Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  • Brown, Robert A. 2008 Volcanic Ash in a Mountainous Landscape of Northern Idaho: Digital Modeling and Mapping. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. 76 p.
  • Vaughan, Karen L. 2008. Pedogenesis at Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, Idaho. Ph.D.

Plant, Soil & Entomological Sciences

Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences

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